mardi, novembre 22, 2005

Pop Quiz: the AIDS Pandemic

Match the Continent/Region to its number of people living with AIDS:

1. North America
2. Caribbean
3. Latin America
4. Europe
5. Oceania
6. North Africa & the Middle East
7. East Asia
8. Sub-Saharan Africa
9. South and Southeast Asia

A. 1.8 million
B. 510,000
C. 720,000
D. 1.2 million
E. 25.8 million
F. 300,000
G. 74,000
H. 7.4 million
I. 870,000

10. Worldwide, how many people are estimated to have AIDS?

a. 13, 14, 15 million
b. 40 million
c. 176,000
d. 200 million

11. This is an…

a. increase of 2,000,000 over 2004
b. decrease of 2,000,000 over 2004
c. unchanged from 2004
d. alarming number

12. In Southern Africa, what percentage of pregnant women tested positive for the HIV virus?

a. 5
b. 10
c. 15
d. 20
e. 30

13. The number of people with HIV increased in every region except:

a. North America
b. Caribbean
c. Latin America
d. Europe
e. North Africa & the Middle East
f. Sub-Saharan Africa
g. South and Southeast Asia
h. East Asia
i. Oceania

14. In Swaziland, what percentage of pregnant women test positive for HIV?

a. 7
b. 11
c. 22
d. 43

15. True or False: in Kenya, Uganda and Zimbabwe, for 2004, overall HIV rates of infection decreased.

16. True or False: in Kenya, Uganda and Zimbabwe, education has helped. People are reducing the number of sexual partners and using condoms.

17. True of False: poverty and hunger are complicating factors in the Sub-Saharan war against AIDS.

18. Explain your answer to question 17.

19. Over the last five years, AIDS deaths in South Africa have increased:

a. 57 percent
b. not at all, AIDS is not fatal
c. 43 percent
d. a negligible amount

20. Find two role models who are raising awareness of the AIDS epidemic in Africa:

a. George W. Bush
b. Barbara Bush
c. George Herbert Walker Bush
d. Dick Cheney
e. Ashley Judd
f.. Pat Robertson
g. India Arie

21. since it was first identified in 1981, AIDS has killed how many people world wide:

a. 1,000,000
b. 10,000,000
c. 20,000,000
d. 25,000,000
e. 75,000,000

22. How many lives will AIDS claim in 2005?

a. Between 140,000 and 260,000
b. Between 1,100,000 and 3,800,000
c. Between 2,800,000 and 3,600,000
d. 0 – there’s a cure

23. How many children’s lives will AIDS claim in 2005?

a. Approximately 58,000
b. Approximately 165,000
c. Approximately 570,000
d. Approximately 0 – there’s still a cure

24. How many people will become newly infected in 2005?

a. 1,000,000
b. 2,000,000
c. 3,000,000
d. 4,000,000
e. 5,000,000
f. 7,000,000

25. These trends are:

a. negative
b . troubling
c. disconcerting
d. a call to action
e. all of the above

26. True or False: incidents of HIV yield to concerted and consistent educational efforts.

27. True or False: proof of how education reduces the number of people who become HIV positive is seen in work among men who have sex with men in Western countries, among young people in Uganda, among sex workers and their clients in Thailand and Cambodia, and among injected drug users in Spain and Brazil.

28. True or False: prevention programs are bringing down HIV prevalence in Kenya, Zimbabwe and urban Haiti.

29. True or False: working together, we can stop the spread of AIDS.

30. True or False: as with so many other things, education matters.

31. True or False: as with so many other things, poverty exacerbates the problem.

Answer Key:

1. d
2. f
3. a
4. c
5. g
6. b
7. i
8. e
9. h
10. b
11. a and d
12. e
13. b
14. d
15. True
16. True
17. True
18. Southern Africa is the region with the highest HIV rates in the world. The disease is multiplying the impact of poor rains on local harvests, adding up to a severe food crisis. AIDS is pulling productive people out of the fields either because they're sick or they have to care for the sick. Amid the shortage, some people desperate to eat are trading sex for food.
19. a
20. e and g
21. d
22. c
23. c
24. e
25. e
26. True
27. True
28. True
29. True
30. True
31. True

First source (recommeded reading)

Second source (recommended reading - 98 page PDF, 4.75 MB - the Introduction is available here)